Ketone diet, a low-carbohydrate and high-fat diet depend on significantly reducing carbohydrate intake, replacing fat with it. According to specialists, carbohydrate reduction places the body in a metabolic state called ketosis, and the body becomes effective in burning fat, for energy. It also converts fat into ketones in the liver, which provides energy to the brain. Ketone diets can cause significant reductions in blood sugar and insulin levels, as well as a number of other health benefits.
A low-carbohydrate, high-fat, and protein diet involves a significant reduction in carbohydrate intake (less than 50 grams per day), lipid substitution, and protein, which puts the body in a metabolic state called ketone, or ketozoic.
How does the keto diet work?
The ketone diet is a fat-rich pattern, moderate in protein, and very low in carbohydrate; It’s less than 50 grams a day, which is contrary to most public health nutrition recommendations. Most nutrient-rich foods are important sources of carbohydrates, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, milk, and yogurt, and carbohydrates are the main source of energy for the body. when insufficient carbohydrate availability; For energy, the body breaks down the fat, referring it to ketones. Ketones become the main energy source of the body; It provides energy to the heart, kidneys, and other muscles. The body also uses ketones as an alternative source of energy in the brain, hence the name ketone.
Ketonian diet systems
Traditional, or standard: This species depends on high carbohydrate reduction, moderate protein, and high fat. Daily requirement ratios are usually distributed to 70% fat, 20% protein, and 10% carbohydrate.
Periodic ketone system: This system includes an increase in carbohydrate intake for certain periods, such as a Ketone diet for five days, followed by a diet with a high carbohydrate content for only two days.
Target ketone system: This diet allows for an increase in the number of additional carbohydrates only during periods of intense physical activity.
High-protein ketone system: It includes a higher proportion of protein, which is often 35% protein, 60% fat, and 5% carbohydrate.
Benefits and damage of ketone diet:
The Keto diet started in 1924; To treat epilepsy, but discovered other benefits later, such as rapid weight loss, control of type 2 diabetes, reduction of diabetes hemoglobin, reduced blood sugar drug doses, and significant reduction of triple blood fat.
According to the American Diabetes Society, studies have been conducted to compare the diabetes hemoglobin of individuals with a low carbohydrate diet, such as Keto, another diet pattern is increased carbohydrates. The result was a decrease in diabetes hemoglobin in low-carbohydrate diets, compared to a high-carbohydrate diet for only three to six months, but the ratios were equal when the study was conducted for one year or more.
Another study was conducted to compare the diabetes hemoglobin of individuals with a low-carbohydrate diet, such as Keto, another diet is a six-month low-fat diet. The result was a decrease in diabetes hemoglobin in low-carbohydrate diet members, compared to a low-fat diet.
The ketone diet is not recommended for persons with:
Eating disorders, or a history of eating disorders.
Chronic kidney disease.
In addition, there are short-term, long-term health risks for all people who follow the ketone diet. Some of their short-term health risks include Flu-like symptoms, like Stomach disorders, headaches, fatigue and dizziness episodes, so-called keto flu, and some people have sleep problems. Reducing the intake of vegetables, fruits and whole grains rich in fiber can increase the risk of constipation. Often, keto diets must take fiber supplements, but this should be discussed with a healthcare provider. The keto diet can also increase urine generation and rapidly reduce blood glucose; Therefore, consulting the nutritionist before the diet begins is necessary; To prevent dehydration, reduce the dose of insulin and sugar medications; To prevent low blood sugar. On the other hand, the long-term health risks of the keto diet include: Kidney horses, liver diseases, vitamin deficiency, and minerals are: Folate, vitamin A, vitamin K, vitamin E.
- All nutrients taken must be balanced, in quantities appropriate to the body, without reducing an element of itself to the extent of harm; So that all nutrients are handled so that the body can be healthy, useful.
- – Research supports the keto diet in the treatment of epilepsy by following up with a medical team; It’s a very complicated treatment. Their followers to treat obesity, weight loss and other health benefits are still in research and study.
- – Moderation is the basis for any long-term diet, and for keto, studies have shown rapid benefits, such as Short – term underweight. But it is possible that the keto diet will increase the incidence of the disease and long-term mortality.
- – In order to have a useful diet and healthy body, the nutritionist must be consulted; To develop a program that benefits weight loss based on need, health goals.