These are the reasons why NASA wants to return to the Moon


©Eva Marie UZCATEGUI / AFPArtemisThe Artemis 1 project is to relaunch the lunar adventure. Atlantic: What is NASA’s Artemis I project, which will be launched in a few weeks? What are NASA’s ambitions for the Moon?Anna Alter: Artemis 1 is the first part or rather the flight of a vast program to return to the Moon. Americans dreamed it, NASA makes it. The space agency, which tended to rest on its laurels, comes out of its boxes with plans for the reconquest of our natural satellite. The first step was taken by Neil Armstrong on July 21, 1969, and the last geologist Harrison Schmitt, the only scientist who had physically participated in the Apollo missions, closed the march on the lunar soil exactly half a century ago. It is so far that some begin to doubt and it seems incredible, but it is true, the Yankees managed to send men to walk there, 300,000 kilometers from the Earth. A feat that the Russians never achieved when they had achieved all the first developments in human spaceflight, but still stuck on the mother planet. In all, twelve American astronauts got off their ship to stretch their legs on the regolith while that there were six more. on board watching them very closely. They planted a starry banner, they did jumps and exploration, on foot or in a rover and carried a wheelbarrow of stones, it is little and it cost an arm, at least 153 billion dollars were spent in view of the inflation that dampened ambitions. Congress sided with the fire, preferring at the time to invest in the Vietnam War rather than continue the odyssey. Also read, But Where Could This Rocket That Crashed On The Moon Come From That NASA Can’t Explain? Later we could see that these heady trips to our next door neighbor were worth the trip and the drop technologies were huge for the average citizen. even our personal computers are the fruit of Apollo. Not forgetting that the Moon is a necessary stage on the way to the stars, and after all, it was foolish to stop on such a good path for big money stories… Moonwalks had the pleasure to return and the Artemisa project. , named after Apollo’s twin goddess, aims to land a crew on the Night Star by 2025 and eventually establish a permanent base there and/or build a space station. the round trips more easily, to get to Mars and why not travel even further. For now, the countdown to an unmanned Artemis 1 mission has begun: the Space Launch System (SLS) rocket will lift off from Cape Canaveral on August 29 if all goes well and send an Orion spacecraft for a few laps in the moon. vacuum to test its operation without endangering human lives. The following missions will carry astronauts walking in the footsteps of Neil Armstrong and more if the budget allows… What are the promises of this mission for scientific knowledge about the Moon and for flights beyond the Moon? Could this mission really be a major step in the ambitious plan to launch a new spacecraft, set up a lunar space station and bring humans to the moon for the first time since the end of the Apollo program? Artemis 1 is primarily a verification mission. , but if everything works as planned, we will do it again… The lunar adventure begins again, this time with the participation of private groups, Elon Musk’s Space-X in the lead, but not only. NASA is looking for a new partner capable of manufacturing a lander. The will shown is that it does not put too much weight on the shoulders of the taxpayers to go up and settle there. If everything goes like clockwork during this first mission, it will be a crucial step for the future. The stakes of this return to the Moon are considerable: it is not only about studying our satellite, which we still know quite poorly, but also about exploiting it. There are minerals there worth the skin off the earth, including significant deposits of titanium and iron that were discovered by the space probe Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO). At present, a priori, nothing prevents us from using it. The space treaty prohibits the appropriation of land, but not of what is inside. A legal loophole in which pioneering entrepreneurs risk rushing to get a quick return on investment. Are manned flights well planned through the Artemis project? Will this project and its results advance research, science, technology and other goals such as flights to Mars through the “Moon to Mars” program? Yes, from Artemis II, the second launch, men will have place on the Orion ship and they will do it first. make a few trips to the moon, without landing. This is how we proceeded during the Apollo program and there is no reason to change. If all goes without incident, Artemis III will let astronauts set foot on the lunar floor. The crew will include four people, of which only two will stay on the Moon itself and there is even talk of giving priority to a woman. Six and a half days of walking near the South Pole where the module will land are planned. The site was chosen because of the water ice reserves believed to be at the bottom of the permanently shadowed craters… The reserves are thought to be used to pump oxygen and water, essential elements which will have to be produced in situ to live and survive for a long time away from our planet. The colonists of the Moon will have to gain autonomy, work hard without always depending on earthlings for supplies. The goal of the Moon is to cut the cord with Mother Earth. Since the gravity is weak, it will also be easier to get out of there to go to Mars or even far beyond. Our satellite could one day help us solve our energy problems, but also serve as a springboard and launch pad for interplanetary or interstellar travel… We’re not there, but we can dream… Not that Does this project risk being too expensive in the eyes of the US government? The Artemis program can be carried out thanks to the nostalgia that lingers around the Apollo missions?, by sharing the costs between the public and private sectors, we should be able to balance the budget and take off. Especially since the expenses have been divided by three compared to Apollo and the investment can be very profitable in the long run. Add to that the need for adventure and the nostalgia of past missions, and the balance tips sharply in favor of a return to the Moon…
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