The IRES defends the development of “One Health”, a still embryonic concept in Morocco


The Royal Institute of Strategic Studies advocates the adoption of the “One Health” concept in public health policies, especially in the context of Covid-19. Calling to think about health at the interface between that of animals, humans and their environment, this concept has its place in the project of in-depth reform of the health system, IRES believes. The Royal Institute of Strategic Studies (IRES), an organization whose mission is to help inform strategic decision-making at national level, advocates a paradigm shift in health systems. In this sense, it suggests unified public policy approaches that integrate animal, human and environmental health. It thus defends the concept of “One health”, started in the early 2000s, following the resurgence and appearance of infectious diseases. This concept, which calls for thinking about health at the interface between that of animals, humans and their environment, on a local, national and global scale, was considered relevant, especially in the current global context of the pandemic linked to Covid 19. it’s about thinking globally and finding solutions that respond to both health and environmental problems. Also, “at a time when Morocco has embarked on a profound reform of its healthcare system, which His Majesty King Mohammed VI called for in 2018, the adoption of the “One Health” approach is presented as a strategic axis of intelligent pooling of the country’s resources to gain resilience”, underlines the IRES in a press release explaining the importance and scientific interest of this approach. In addition, with the with the aim of raising awareness among those responsible for decision-making and encouraging them to change their paradigm in the spirit of this approach, the IRES organized a few weeks ago a meeting with experts on the subject. summary report following the meeting organized by the Royal Institute of Strategic Studies with the assistance of the “One Health Morocco” Association, a meeting that brought together representatives of international organizations, such as the WHO, the FAO, the OIE (World Organization for Animal Health) and the Center for Surveillance and Cont role of Diseases of the African Union (CDC-Africa), those of the ministerial departments concerned, as well as a high-level panel that includes Moroccan and foreign experts in the field of planetary health”, says the Institute in a note of press to draw attention to the conclusions that emerge from this meeting. In this sense, the summary report drawn up by the Institute mentions that “One Health” continues to be a reflection and a national expertise still in its embryonic phase. “In Morocco, the adoption of the concept is still limited to a restricted circle of experts within academia and training and research institutions such as the National Institute of Agricultural Research (INRA) and the National Institute of Hygiene. Its application is also in the stage of embryonic reflection and seems to be carried out mainly at the level of information and awareness by international organizations such as the WHO and the FAO, with representation in Morocco. But its application is absent from the national programs for which this concept is predestined, that is, the fight against zoonotic diseases and the prevention of risk factors for non-communicable diseases”, indicate the authors of this document. Thus, it was recommended to properly prioritize and prioritize strategies to implement this approach at the level of each specific context (country, territory, climate, pathologies, etc.). “The successful adoption of the “One Health” approach also requires the mobilization not only of public authorities, but also of civil society,” recommend the experts who participated in the aforementioned meeting. According to them, this approach offers, in this context of a worrying and unpredictable pandemic, a strategic framework for collective intelligence and the pooling of resources to gain in “sustainability, inclusion and resilience”. “It is appropriate, in terms of governance, to measure the importance of adopting this approach in Morocco within the framework of the structuring project, initiated by His Majesty King Mohammed VI, for the revision of the national health system”, has said. recommended
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