Figs hide a surprising secret! Find out which one!


Paula Gonçalves Meteored Portugal Yesterday 6 min Figs are not fruits, but inverted flowers. Figs do not bloom in the same way as apple or peach trees, a fig is not just any fruit. In fact, it’s not even a fruit, it’s an inflorescence, or just an inverted flower. Figs do not flower in the same way as other fruit trees, such as almond or cherry trees. Figs have a very curious history. In addition to not being a fruit, they need the “sacrifice” of an insect to reproduce, a pollinating wasp that dies inside the fig tree. When the insect enters a female fig, it loses its wings and dies inside without laying eggs. The mutual relationship between the fig and the “fig fly” is one of nature’s most fascinating. Both have such an intertwined existence that one cannot exist without the other. Where there are no fig gnats, figs do not reproduce and vice versa. The reproductive cycle of these insects only takes place inside the figs. Over tens of millions of years of evolution, figs have been so altered by interaction with these insects that today they are mistaken for fruits.” . The two move together to adapt to each other and try to survive. If one dies, the other disappears too.” Darío Abel Palmieri, Department of Biology, University of São Paulo. But figs are not fruits, they are shells that contain hundreds of small flowers inside that produce seeds internally, thanks to the work of pollination. These insects carry their genetic material and allow them to reproduce. On the other hand, they could not live without figs, because they deposit their larvae inside the fruits. This relationship is known as symbiosis or mutualism When diamonds fall from the sky to giant ice planets… Pollination In general, the pollination of flowers is a consequence of the search for food by animals. In this case, the relationship is a bit more complex. The fig tree being the only substrate in which these insects lay their eggs, once inside, the descendants of the “founding” animal place the punch under the stylet to lay the egg. Meanwhile, the “founder” spreads the pollen he brought from the fig tree where he was born, fertilizes the female flowers and ensures the production of fruits and seeds and, therefore, the survival of the figs. After pollination is complete, the fig begins to ripen and change color. Once mature, the females leave the fig on which they were raised and go in search of figs to pollinate. Because of their short lifespan and the long journey to find a tree, only a few mosquitoes can pollinate a fig tree. Females recognize a fig tree ready for pollination by the chemical signal emitted by the trees. To reach the flower, the insect must penetrate through the pores of the fruit and reach its cavity. These insects belong to the Agaonidae family. Although this relationship may seem disgusting, it is necessary for the survival of both species. Although this symbiotic relationship may seem rather disgusting and perhaps even disturbing, it must be remembered that it is necessary for the survival of both species and so that this cycle of the food chain does not stop. Global warming could increase the risk of suicide. pollinators Without pollinators, most of the native and cultivated plants we eat would not survive. The number of pollinators is declining worldwide and this decline poses a threat to biodiversity, human health and nutrition. The main causes of this decline are the indiscriminate use of pesticides and herbicides, the existence of invasive species, the loss and fragmentation of natural habitats and environmental degradation. According to an article published in the scientific journal PLOS ONE, the conservation units will not be able to contain this reduction. Places that once served the needs of pollinators are becoming uninhabitable as temperatures rise and rainfall becomes more unpredictable and erratic. What most people don’t realize is that the loss of pollinators is an economic loss to agriculture and forestry and leads to an imbalance in nature. The disappearance of pollinators leads to great losses in agriculture and also causes a great imbalance in the natural environment. Several studies have already shown the importance of the existence of a natural habitat within private properties to ensure and even increase agricultural production. However, compliance with environmental legislation on native vegetation protection is a matter of food and water security, as most pollinators ensure and increase our food production.
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