Pesticides: license to kill?


Sales of insecticides, herbicides and fungicides are not slowing down and their use is unabated: Pesticides, how to regulate them? More than 300 pesticides are authorized in France. These products pollute all environments, not just agricultural environments. Since the 1960s and biologist Rachel Carson’s iconic “Silent Spring,” there have been numerous warnings, and multiple expert reports showing how these products are contributing to the collapse of biodiversity. How are these environmental risks assessed? What are the alternative solutions? Pesticides: license to kill? We are pleased to welcome Laure Mamy, INRAE ​​research director, who participated in the drafting of the Ifremer-INRAE ​​report published in May on the impact of phytosanitary products on the environment, and Wilfried Sanchez, deputy scientific director of Ifremer in charge of the topic Pollutants and impacts on the marine environment, co-pilot of the priority research program Ocean & Climate started in 2021, who also participated in the preparation of this report. Today’s report What do we know about the consequences of pesticides on human health? Among farmers, the causal link between exposure to pesticides and the onset of Parkinson’s disease has been demonstrated, making this pathology a recognized occupational disease. However, the neurotoxicity of these phytosanitary products remains poorly understood, either at the cellular or molecular level. Report in the laboratory of Julien Dairoux, who is analyzing this problem with his team at the University of Paris Cité, focused on the study of carbamates, a family of pesticides that alter the functioning of an enzyme involved in cell repair neurons, and promotes the development of Parkinson’s disease. By Céline Loozen: LA_SCIENCE_CQFD – Reportage 7 min France Culture Documentary Resources Find today’s show thread on La Science’s twitter feed, CQFD.
[A venir] Using the diversity of plant covers to regulate pests and protect crops (Inrae) Tribuna: “We can no longer say we didn’t know”: 80 organizations call for an end to synthetic pesticides (September 21, 2022) Impacts of phytosanitary products on biodiversity and ecosystem services (Ifremer, September 2022) 27 June 2022 Listen then listen 38 min Glyphosate: independent experts question the integrity of the certification work (Le Monde, 1 July 2022) Scientific experience shows how pesticides contribute to the erosion of biodiversity ( Le JDD, May 2022) Pesticides and biodiversity, dangerous links ( The Conversation, May 2022) 22 Aug 2022 Listen then listen 59 min Coastal waters: Pesticide pollution promotes resistant bacteria to antibiotics? (The Conversation, May 2022) Reducing pesticide use: the reasons for failure (Le Monde, March 2022) Everything you need to know about pesticides in France (Les Echos, February 2022) Pesticides and health – News data (Inserm, 2021) ) “The new plan for ‘pollinators’ forgets the essential: pesticides” (Le Monde, 2021) 119 European parliamentarians denounce the “defects” of the pesticide evaluation system (Le Monde, 2021) Neonicotinoids “bee killers”: the forced step of the government (Reporterre, 2021) What are the pesticides in our food for? (Le Monde, 2019) In 30 years, almost 80% of insects have disappeared in Europe (Le Monde, 2017) Pesticides: Italy has shown that there are alternatives (Le Monde, 2017) Infographic – Purchases and sales of plant protection products in France in 2020: Data visualization application (OFB, 2022) 27 January 2022 Listen then listen 58 min 27 January 2022 Listen then listen 57 min Music references The title of the day: Vegetables by Gaëtan Nonchalant The opening credits: Goca dünya by Altin Gunding credits: Pingpxng by Yin Yin References
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