China and the world tensions after Xi Jinping’s third term

BEIJING (AP) — The world faces prospects of further tensions with China over trade, security and human rights after Xi Jinping, China’s most powerful leader in decades, was re-elected as the ruling Communist Party leader. At home, they are trying to use China’s economic influence to expand their influence abroad. Washington accuses China of attempting to undermine US allies, global security and economic rules this month. Activists say the Xi Jinping administration wants to change the UN’s definition of human rights to avoid criticism of human rights violations, said William Callahan of the London School of Economics and Economics. “The world system is broken and China has the answer.” “More and more Xi Jinping is talking about the Chinese style as a universal model of world order, which goes back to Cold War-like conflicts.” At the Communist Party Congress that ended Saturday, Xi Jinping did not reveal any plans. To change the serious “COVID zero” strategy that has frustrated China’s public and hampered business and trade. He called for more self-reliance on technology, faster military development and protection of Beijing’s “core interests” abroad. He announced no change in policies straining Washington and its Asian neighbors, and on Sunday Xi Jinping was elected as party leader for a third five-year term, breaking the tradition calling for a resignation for the first time in a decade. The party has appointed the ruling party’s seven-member Standing Committee as Xi Jinping and his allies, giving him the opportunity to freely execute his plans. Politics: Xi Jinping calls for a “great revival of the Chinese nation” based on reviving the role of the Communist Party. An economic, social and cultural leader who returned to the golden age after the revolution of 1949. “By accepting the Marxist-Leninist orthodox wing, Xi Jinping’s hopes that China can peacefully liberalize politics and economy will be put to rest,” Kevin Rudd, president of the Asia Society and former Prime Minister of Australia, told Foreign Affairs. The Xi Jinping administration has imprisoned dissidents, stepped up Internet censorship and suppressed Hong Kong’s pro-democracy movement. Its “social credit” initiative tracks the public and punishes violations from fraud to garbage. “Zero-corona,” which tracks individuals using smartphone apps and locks tens of millions at home, “is what Xi Jinping wants Chinese society to do,” Callahan said. “Continuous surveillance and control” “China has become much more authoritarian and sometimes totalitarian,” Xi said in a parliamentary report. Economy: The Communist Party hopes that by 2035 per capita economic output will be equal to that of a “middle-level developed country”. According to Larry Hu and Yuxiao Zhang of Australian financial services group Macquarie, this suggests production will double from 2020 levels, but the ruling party is building subsidy-sucking state-owned businesses and entrepreneurs creating wealth and jobs. This is triggering warnings that economic growth will suffer in the first half of 2022, down to 2.2% from a year ago. Faced with challenges such as an aging population and a stagnation in the vast real estate industry, Hu and Zhang said in a report that “if top leaders take their goals seriously, they will have to adopt more pro-growth policies,” analysts said in early December. Details have been followed since the Party’s Central Economic Work Conference on Technology: Xi has promised to “build China’s scientific and technological self-reliance and strength.” He did not disclose details, but China is expected to use renewable energy, electric vehicles, computers and Early efforts to reduce reliance on the West and Japan by creating a Chinese source of other technologies have fueled complaints that China has violated its free trade promises by protecting businesses from competition. China is increasingly restricting access to U.S., particularly Western technology, which warns that it could be used to make weapons. China is building its own chip industry, but analysts say it could be used to make weapons. one generation behind say there is Alicia Garcia Herrero of French investment bank Natixis said Beijing wants to reduce strategic unrest by catching up with others, not isolating China. She said state-led investment will increase. “It will create some tension,” she said. Security: Xi said that “internal and external security” is “the foundation of national revitalization”. In a speech that used the word security 26 times, he said that China will modernize the People’s Liberation Army, the party’s military, and “work faster to strengthen the strategic capabilities of the military.” China is already the world’s second-largest military spender after the United States and is trying to expand its reach by developing ballistic missiles, submarines and other technologies. Xi Jinping refused to use force to unify Taiwan and the mainland. Xi also called for increased security for energy, food and industrial supplies. The party also sees ‘ideological security’ as its top priority, which is leading to more internet censorship. Foreign Relations: Beijing increasingly uses its economic power as a political and security lever, as the largest trading partner of all its neighbors. It has blocked imports of Australian wine, meat and other products after the Chinese government requested an investigation into the origins of COVID-19. The Chinese government tried to persuade 10 Pacific Island governments to sign a security pact this year, but failed. Solomon Islands police officers are being trained in China. Callahan said Beijing wants a “China-centric security system.” “Beijing wants to be world leaders, and according to Beijing, part of that is being a leader in the difficult politics of world security.” Chinese diplomats are more antagonistic and sometimes violent in what they call “wolf warrior diplomacy.” This month, Chinese diplomats in Manchester, England, dragged him to the consulate to quell protests. Deputy Foreign Minister Ma Zhaoxu said the diplomats “continued the fighting spirit”. He said the diplomatic corps “will be at the forefront of improving combat skills and always defending national interests and national dignity.” Other countries have eased travel restrictions, but China is sticking to its strategy of locking down major cities while keeping infection rates low. The People’s Daily, the party’s newspaper, tried to dispel expectations for a rest after the convention. The strategy “must last,” he argued. Public health experts say more seniors need to be vaccinated before the ruling party eases COVID-19 restrictions. This may take several months. Forecasters say it could be as late as 2023 before controls ease. Climate: Xi Jinping has promised a “preemptive and steady” approach to reducing climate change carbon emissions, but at the same time the ruling party is increasing coal production to avoid it. A repeat of last year’s power shortages and blackouts. A cabinet official said coal production would increase to 4.6 billion tonnes by 2025. This is a 12% increase over 2021. In his 2020 UN speech, Xi Jinping said China’s emissions would peak in 2030, but did not say at what level. According to the Rhodium Group, China is already emitting more carbon than the US and other developed countries combined. China is building more coal-fired power plants, and activists warn that it could cause more emissions. Meanwhile, China halted climate talks with Washington in August in retaliation for House Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s visit to rival Taiwan.
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