CNN — As world leaders gather in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt for the UN’s annual climate summit, researchers, advocates and the UN itself are warning that the world is still far away from its goals of combating global warming and preventing the worst. consequences of the climate crisis. With average global temperatures already rising 1.2 degrees Celsius since the Industrial Revolution, over the next two weeks, negotiators from nearly 200 countries will encourage each other at COP27 to boost their clean energy ambitions. They will haggle to end the use of coal, the dirtiest fossil fuel revived in some countries during the Ukraine war, and try to put in place a system of financing to help the world’s poorest countries recover from a devastating climate. no see. calamity. However, a flood of recent reports has made it clear that leaders are running out of time to conduct the extensive energy checks needed to ensure that temperatures do not exceed 1.5 degrees Celsius. Scientists have warned that it must be below this threshold. According to reports from the United Nations and the World Meteorological Association, carbon and methane emissions have reached record levels in 2021 and there are not enough plans submitted by the state to reduce these emissions. Given the country’s current commitments, Earth’s temperature will rise between 2.1 and 2.9 degrees Celsius by 2100. Ultimately, the world must cut fossil fuel emissions by nearly half by 2030 to avoid 1.5 degrees. oil, natural gas and coal. U.S. climate ambassador John Kerry told reporters in October that “no country has the right to default.” “Scientists tell us what is happening right now – a crisis – extreme heat increases, extreme weather, fires, floods, ocean warming, melting ice, and the special ways in which life is severely impacted by the climate – as we integrate this crisis and It will only get worse if we don’t address it in a forward-looking way.” The main issues to follow in Egypt’s COP27 are: Developing and developed countries have debated for years the concept of a “loss and damage” fund The countries most affected by devastating global warming are the ones most affected by climate disasters as a result The idea is that we should pay the poorest countries that suffer from For example, Kerry is stepping up on the issue, saying the United States supports an official meeting, but has not said what solution the state will sign on, while the small island states and others in the southern hemisphere are being destroyed. The effects of the climate crisis are shouldering the effects of the climate crisis as hostile floods, intensifying storms and record heatwaves wreak havoc.The deadly floods in Pakistan this summer that claimed more than 1,500 lives will certainly be an example to which national negotiators point out. More than 2 million people have been affected by the worst floods in a decade in Nigeria since September, right now Nigerians are drinking, cooking and bathing dirty flood water amid serious concerns about waterborne diseases This year’s official COP27 agenda will likely include losses and damages, but what will happen at this year’s summit other than countries that have promised to meet and talk about what a potential loss and damage fund will look like or should exist? It’s unclear: “Do you expect to be able to secure funding by the end of two weeks? I would like to, but we will see how the parties implement it.” Egypt’s chief climate negotiator, Mohamed Nasr, recently told reporters that former White House national climate adviser Gina McCarthy told CNN that losses and damage will be the biggest problems at this year’s UN climate summit. He said that countries, including the United States, will face tough questions about plans to help developing countries that are already being hit hard by climate disasters. “It keeps getting pushed back,” McCarthy said. It requires accountability and concrete promises in the short term.” At this summit, a year after the United States and China shocked the world by announcing that they would cooperate on climate change, we will see if the United States and China can restore the severed relationship. The new cooperation collapsed this summer when China announced it was suspending climate talks with the US as part of widespread retaliation for House Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan. Kerry and others are watching to see if China delivers on its promise to either submit a plan to cut methane emissions or update its emissions commitments last year, the US and China are the world’s largest emitters. Their cooperation is important, especially since other countries can also spur action. Apart from the potential loss and damage funding, there is the most important issue of so-called global climate finance. The rich countries are the countries where developing countries are turning to fossil fuels. Instead of growing the economy, they promised to put money into helping the transition to clean energy.The promise made in 2009 was $100 billion a year, but the world has yet to live up to that promise. Wealthy countries have consistently fallen short of quotas: President Joe Biden has promised the United States to donate $11 billion by 2024. But Biden’s request will ultimately be subject to congressional approval. It will be of no use if Republicans take control of Congress in the midterm elections. The United States has separate deals with countries including Vietnam, South Africa and Indonesia to move from coal to renewable energy. And US officials often stress that the country also wants private investment to help them transition to renewable energy and address climate impacts. COP27 is intended to hold the nation’s feet on fossil fuel emissions and spark new ambitions on the climate crisis. But reports show we are still off track to keep global warming below 1.5 degrees Celsius. According to a UN report examining each country’s recent pledges, the Earth will warm between 2.1 and 2.9 degrees Celsius. Since the Industrial Revolution, the average global temperature has already risen by 1.2 degrees Celsius. According to the World Meteorological Organization, records were set last year for all three major greenhouse gases: carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide. A recent International Energy Agency report has encouraging news. Adoption of renewable energies and electric vehicles is surging, helping to offset rising fossil fuel emissions. However, the overall picture of the report shows the need for much cleaner energy that is deployed quickly. Inger Andersen, director-general of the United Nations Environment Programme, said every part of the global warming would have drastic consequences. “The energy transition is completely possible, but we’re not on that path and we’ve been procrastinating and wasting time,” Andersen told CNN. “Every number will matter. Don’t say, ‘We missed 1.5, so let’s solve it with 2’. no. We have to understand that as the numbers go up, the lives of us and our children and grandchildren will be affected much more.” The clock is moving in another way. Next year’s COP28 in Dubai will mark the year in which the world will need to undertake a formal rethinking to ensure that it is on track to achieve the goals set out in the landmark Paris Agreement.
#countries #convene #climate #summit #Egypt #report #reports #world #deviated #significantly #orbit #Heres #COP27 #CNN