Iranians who live in Brazil protest the death of Mahsa Amini, in Sao Paulo, Brazil, September 23, 2022 (AP Photo/Andre Penner, File)

How far can Iranian mass protests go in a month?

PARIS, FRANCE (AFP) — In early fall, Tehran’s Moral Police arrested a 22-year-old Iranian woman in the capital on a family visit in a city park and took her in a van to drive. Police office. Iran’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, 83, faced the biggest challenge since the 1979 Islamic Revolution when Masa Amini was detained on September 13, but the end result is far from over. from certain things. Amini’s arrest has been an ordeal each year for hundreds of women who are considered to be in violation of the strict dress code of the Islamic Republic imposed after the fall of the Shah. However, less than two hours after she was arrested and transported to the Letra detention center, Amini fell into a coma. She was rushed to Kasra Hospital, where she was pronounced dead on September 16. Her family and lawyers believe she sustained a fatal wound to her head while in her custody. Protests started outside her hospital after news of her death on September 16th. Her funeral, held on September 17 in her hometown of Kurdistan, turned into protests as protests spread across the country. Get the Times of Israel’s Daily Edition by email and don’t miss out on major articles The history of the Islamic Republic and the first woman-led. A protester shows a portrait of Masa Amini during a protest in support of Iranian protesters protesting leadership over the death of a young woman during police custody in Paris on Sunday, October 2, 2022. (AP Photo/Aurelien Morissard, File) Leaderless protests show no sign of diminishing as protests take place not only on the streets, but also at universities, schools and oil refineries. But the regime is also willing to use the means of repression that escalate to lethal force, internet shutdowns and mass arrests. Cornelius Adebahr, a non-resident fellow at Carnegie Europe, said protests could mark “the beginning of the end of the Islamic Republic,” but support is needed and some kind of leadership structure must be found. “It needs a lot more than sustained street protests and demanding sanctions for positive change,” he said. The ‘Overturn Overthrow’ protests build on the economic hardships and existing disillusionment with corruption that have already fueled protests in the past. They took place in Tehran, the northern hub of Tabriz, the historic cities of Isfahan and Shiraz, the pilgrimage cities of Mashhad, the hometown of Khamenei, and the Caspian Sea region. Although Iran has seen a wave of protests in recent years, particularly over the 2009 election results controversy and the sudden rise in energy prices in 2019, it has never explicitly challenged the foundations of the Islamic Republic founded by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini in 1979. “The uprising began as a response to restrictions on women’s dress and behavior in public, but has evolved into a campaign to overthrow the regime,” said the Suphan Center think tank based in the United States. Dissident slogans such as “death to the dictator” are not entirely new in Iran, but have never been used so often. A photo obtained by AFP from the outskirts of Iran shows people gathered next to a burning motorcycle in the capital Tehran on October 8, 2022. (AFP) Women took off their headscarves and even burned them. The image of Khamenei and the icons of the regime, such as the late commander of the Revolutionary Guards Corps, Qasem Soleimani, have been damaged or burned. Video shows protesters resisting security forces, avoiding arrests, setting police cars on fire and sometimes building obstacles. The death of a young woman (16) in protests such as Nika Shahkarami and Sarina Esmailzadeh created a new protest icon with Amini, saying her family had been killed by security forces. The protests also undermined the notion of a battle between so-called reformists and conservatives operating within the Iranian political system and diverted international attention from talks with Iranian leaders about the nuclear program. “Protesters have changed the dominant discourse by calling for real change. They say they are against the whole political system. In this photo taken by an individual not employed by the Associated Press and obtained by the AP from outside Iran, security personnel fire tear gas to disperse protesters in front of the University of Tehran in Iran on October 1, 2022. (AP Photo) She said. The current protests are “much larger and last much longer” than in 2019, with fewer participating cities, including Tehran, and protesters being mainly from lower social classes. “It’s time to think beyond the Islamic Republic,” said Roham Alvandi, associate professor at the London School of Economics and Economics. “Reform is dead.” But as in 2009 and 2019, authorities resorted to force, as in 2009 and 2019, the Oslo-based Iranian Human Rights Group said authorities had killed at least 108 people in massa Amini protests across Iran. At least 93 people have also been killed in the suppression of protests in the southeastern city of Zahedan, sparked by reports of a police chief raping a teenage girl. Protesters are being “ruthlessly suppressed” by firing live ammunition and metal pellets at them at close range, according to Amnesty International. Meanwhile, the persecution of protesters and dissenters is merciless, with dozens of prominent activists, journalists, lawyers and even athletes arrested and many in prison. Since the Arab Spring, few anti-government uprisings around the world have succeeded in overthrowing dictatorships. Syrian President Bashar al-Assad has been in power for more than a decade since the start of a civil war that began with an uprising against his rule. In 2020, Belarusian leader Alexander Lukashenko faced unprecedented mass protests after he said opponents of the election had manipulated it, but retained power after retaining security forces and support from Russia. “The examples of attempts to overthrow a ruthless dictator over the past decade … are not particularly encouraging,” Adebahr said. “Because of the dissident slogans chanted at this very march, the Iranian regime has decided not to move an inch,” he said.
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