When will we know who won the US midterm elections? And what to expect on Election Day?

Tuesday, November 8th is the first general election day since Donald Trump tried to overturn the 2020 presidential election results. Millions of Americans have already voted by mail or in person, and millions will vote in person. . This voting is happening at a moment when the US electoral system is under unprecedented attack. We won’t know the winner of the main contest until later in the week. This is normal. Nonetheless, there is growing concern that some candidates who have doubts about the 2020 election will use this uncertain time to question the integrity of the 2022 election results. .we will not know the winner on election night. In many races, it is not known who won on election night. Candidate totals are likely to fluctuate as local officials continue to count after voting ends. “It is very likely that we will know almost nothing on election night, and this is normal,” said Founder and Managing Director David Becker. said Center for Election Innovation and Research. People can only know the outcome of the day if they have data such as exit votes or wide margins. When voting closes, elections officials count the votes for each constituency and send them to the county’s central elections office. Each county reports its findings to the state. In many cases, counties and states provide regular updates online throughout the evening when results are reported. The county also continues to vote by mail, and the ballot total is likely to fluctuate in the evening and the day after the election as the votes continue to be counted. Charles Stewart III, a professor of political science at MIT who specializes in election management, said these changes are not unusual and can be explained by two dynamics. . Second, many places report in-person election day voting first and then absentee ballot by mail. The vote tends to lean toward the Democrats. Therefore, absenteeism and mailing batches tend to be more. You push these two dynamics in the same way, which in turn leads to what appears to be a massive flood of Democrat ballots. There should be deep skepticism about the attempt, as this total can change. To claim victory before the votes are counted, predictions about which candidate will win are separated from the official results. When officials report election results, news organizations, including The Associated Press and major television networks, scrutinize the data to determine which candidate will win. Predict if will win. This process is independent of official election efforts to count votes. News agencies use independent teams of experts to inform the public who will win the primary using surveys, past voting data, and upcoming election results. In some races, experts can quickly predict who will win the race. For example, if a candidate from a party continues to win the primary and voting patterns on Election Day immediately appear to match previous elections, news organizations can be confident that they can predict by counting only a fraction of their votes. But in a competitive competition where the gap between candidates is narrow and many votes have not yet been reported, experts will be much more cautious and less predictable. As the count continues, the predictor compares the margins that separate the candidates to the areas in the state that still have open votes. Once I am convinced that there is no winning path for one candidate, I declare the winner. Canvas and certification deadlines help. Make sure your votes count After Election Day, there are two main deadlines for the counting process, which vary from state to state. The first is the date each county in the state is required to complete and sign the election results canvas. This process, overseen by bipartisan legislators, is designed to capture any irregularities in the counting and make sure it all comes together. . Once all votes have been considered, the county signs the results and sends them to the state for review. The process varies from state to state, but it is also the period during which candidates can apply for or request a recount. While there are concerns that this could happen again this year, experts say the law is making it clear that public officials cannot simply refuse to certify elections unless they have a strong justification to claim in court. Refuses to certify results if they are contrary to their personal political philosophy but there is no evidence that there was a problem. That’s the real problem,” Becker said. “On the other hand, we have faced this problem before, and so far it has been handled quite well.” But if this degree occurs, a period of uncertainty is created in the process, which I think is the goal of the election. Denyers create an environment that is very ripe for violence.” It’s not uncommon to be the first to line up for a polling place in the morning. Voters often line up early in the morning before polling places open to be the first to vote on Election Day. It’s not uncommon for a poll to be the first to fail. Equipment may not be delivered on time, machines may break down, and software that checks voters may not work immediately. They are not signs of widespread dysfunction,” Becker said. “There are nearly a million polling places in the United States for elections like this. Wouldn’t it be amazing if there weren’t any problems with that?” Election officials can usually resolve these issues quickly, but sometimes they can last longer. When voting starts are delayed, candidates and political parties often petition the courts to extend voting time Different states have different voting requirements Different states have different voting procedures on Election Day, including where to vote and whether or not to register Present some kind of identification to vote at a polling place Should these rules be different from what is allowed in advance voting? For example, in Georgia, voters can vote at any polling place in their county during the early voting period, but must vote in a designated precinct on Election Day. In North Carolina, voters can register at a polling place during the early voting period, but not on Election Day. Some claim there is an election error (most are false). In 2020, many of these claims have been greatly amplified by Donald Trump and remain valid today, despite continuing exposure. Each of them should be eaten with “giant grains of salt,” Becker said. “Anyone who claims to be very skeptical regardless of the party in the election will be very skeptical,” he added. His claim “almost always turns out to be false. Or it can be easily explained.” For example, in 2020, observers claimed that ballots were brought into Detroit’s central ballot counting facility late on election night. The ballot had already been confirmed by the local elections office and the late arrival was no problem. Nevertheless, those who wanted to question the outcome of the election made this argument. While confusing calculations, something incomprehensible always happens. But there are trained people who run elections that are ready for this kind of thing,” Stewart said. More citizens can challenge other voters this year. Concerns about these kinds of voter issues have increased this year, given the organized efforts to recruit people who are suspicious of the 2020 elections to polling places. If a voter protests, there are specific procedures that election officials must follow to deal with the contested voter. And it didn’t come true in past elections,” he said. “Some people think that having fewer people voting is a good thing. And they want some people to restrain themselves. They want people to think voting is risky. or difficult. And they will have to make an excruciating journey to get to the polling place. It is a challenge from the adversary,” he said. But he said a wide range of challenges should be closely monitored. “We’re going to have to be vigilant about this,” Becker said. “Obviously the election rigs have been very active and have been very powerful in continuing to spread lies and disinformation. And there may be people who tend to buy that information and disrupt polling places.” “In conversations with election officials, a lot of people have planned and prepared for this and incorporated it into their education. I think it’s good. I don’t know if it’s going to be widespread or not,” he said.
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